Norman Baker Age:biography and wiki
On November 27, 1882, Norman Baker was born in Muscatine, Iowa. He was an American philanthropist, inventor, businessman, and radio personality. His radio program, “The Mystery Man of the Air,” which ran from 1926 until 1932, is what made him most famous. Baker was an independent inventor and businessman. He created several innovations, such as a motorized wheelchair, a vacuum cleaner, and a gadget for measuring an automobile’s speed. In addition, he established a number of businesses, such as the Baker Broadcasting System and the Baker Radio Company. In addition, Baker donated money to a number of causes and charities. He belonged to both the Elks and the Freemasons. Baker passed away at the age of 76 on April 15, 1959. He was left behind by his wife, two sons, and two daughters.
|Radio broadcaster and personality, inventor, entrepreneur
|76 years old
|$1 Million – $5 Million
|27 November, 1882
|Muscatine, Iowa, U.S.
|Date of death
|September 10, 1958,
|Miami, Florida, U.S.
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Norman Baker Height, Weight & Measurements
Norman Baker’s height is now unavailable at 76 years old. Norman Baker’s height, weight, body measurements, eye and hair colors, shoe and dress sizes will all be updated as soon as feasible.
Dating & Relationship status
As of right now, he is unmarried. He’s not in a relationship. Regarding His prior relationships and engagements, we don’t know a lot. Our database indicates that he is childless.
After retiring to Miami, Florida in ostentatious luxury, Baker passed away from cirrhosis on September 10, 1958. He was residing on a sizable yacht that railroad developer Jay Gould had once owned at the time of his passing. Beside his sister, Baker is interred in Muscatine’s Greenwood Cemetery.
In an attempt to go back to “healing” in 1946, Norman Baker set up a research foundation in Muscatine, but the state of Iowa denied him permission to do so “in the public interest.”
Baker complained to the FCC about Alamo at the end of 1945. Baker said that the Roosevelts had planned the deal behind his back and that they had obtained the FCC’s permission as a result of having direct access to President Roosevelt. Yount and Baker fell out, with both accusing the other of being a phony. Westbrook Pegler, a bitter rival of the Roosevelts, claimed in his daily columns that the FCC had been persuaded to enrich Ruth Roosevelt at Baker’s cost, which brought some attention to the case. In April 1947, the FCC rejected Baker’s claim. According to the FCC, Baker had first given his approval to the deal because he was informed that Alamo would be able to get him a federal pardon, which Baker later found out was not going to happen.
The Crescent Hotel closed and XENT went silent while Baker was in jail. After President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s son Elliott and his second wife Ruth Josephine acquired the Alamo Broadcasting Co. of Texas, Thelma Yount, who had been named head of XENT in Baker’s absence, sold the company’s equipment option to them. The wartime embargo on such purposes prevented the Roosevelts from obtaining American equipment. But in April 1944, Alamo asked for and promptly obtained an extremely rare permit from the FCC to use the relocated transmitters and masts of the XENT station to upgrade its KABC station in San Antonio from 250 W to 50 KW (10KW night). Ruth Roosevelt’s Texas State Network and Alamo both gained significantly in value as a result.
Radio equipment was prohibited from export from Mexico, but there were some exceptions, as Alamo’s $35,000 payment to the Mexican Minister of Communications proved. For $100,000, Alamo purchased XENT on October 31, 1944. But in February, Norman Baker successfully intervened on behalf of the Mexican president, halting the sale to some extent. All of XENT was trucked to San Antonio in March 1945, with the exception of the masts and generators. “As the result of well known tricks, artifices and devices common to the Mexican border, said trucks did move across the bridge approximately 30 minutes before” the papers arrived, he added, notwithstanding Baker’s injunction.
Norman Baker faced seven counts of mail fraud from the federal government after Eureka Springs’s economy was boosted by the Baker Hospital, which Arkansas was unwilling to close. The fact that Baker had no official position in the company and instead used proxies to exert influence made the case, which was opened in September 1939, more difficult to handle. Nevertheless, Baker received a sentence of four years in prison and $4,000 in reparations, even after appeals all the way up to the U.S. Supreme Court. Baker was arrested pending appeals after the court declared his cure to be a “pure hoax” and “utterly false” in January 1940. From May 1941 to July 1944, Baker was housed at the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas, serving his sentence. The 8th Circuit Court of Appeals rejected him in January of that year.early release.
In 1938, Baker filed one of several libel lawsuits against RKO, claiming they were misrepresented as a quack in the March of Time newsreel, and won $1.1 million.
In 1937, Baker discovered a city in dire straits in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, a spa and tourist town. He acquired the Crescent Hotel, a resort that had been a wealthy person’s hideaway but had fallen into decay as a result of the Great Depression. With his injections, Baker helped thousands of indigent people by converting the hotel into a hospital. In November, the massive resort hospital opened. It is said that Baker amassed hundreds of thousands of dollars, which he kept in a variety of secure deposits that were only accessible to him and his new partner, Thelma Yount. According to postal inspectors, the hospital cleared around
$500k in a single year.
The prosecution’s claim that sending recordings overseas for broadcast to the US violated the Brinkley Act, a clause in the Communications Act of 1934, was rejected by the Appellate Court in the first federal lawsuit against Baker in 1937.
When Baker decided to run again for the Republican senatorial nomination in the spring of 1936, he garnered a small number of votes.
Baker wrote two autobiographical memoirs on his “crusade for humanity.” In 1934, Alvin Winston wrote a biography of him titled Doctors, Dynamiters, and Gunmen, which is regarded as “the most important book ever written.”
After operating out of Iowa, Baker secured permission from Mexico in 1933 to run XENT-AM in Nuevo Laredo, along the Rio Grande. Operating overnight on 1410 Kc/s with a strength claimed to range from 50 to 150 KiloWatts, this station was dubbed a “border blaster” and was outside the purview of the recently established U.S. Federal Communications Commission. As a result, XENT was supposedly ranked as the most, or second-most, powerful station in the United States. The main goal of the station was to publicize Baker’s purported cancer treatment. When a Baker hospital opened in Nuevo Laredo, the AMA and other physicians became enraged once more.
Baker filed a lawsuit in 1932 after he established the short-lived “United Farm Federation of America” and named himself chairman and permanent honorary member. Baker received compensation for his services. Still, the group appeared in official-sounding lobbying to Washington.
In 1932, Norman Baker ran on the Farmer-Labor ticket for governor of Iowa. Even though he only garnered a few hundred votes, the candidacy helped him stay in the public eye and provided him with another platform to vent his frustrations about local power structures. Insofar as it was coherent, Baker’s program adhered to the principles of the prairie populism of the day, which held that monopolistic conspiracies in various forms were taking advantage of the ordinary people. But Baker also waged a fierce defense of nearby newspapers and other radio outlets that carried stories about his actions.
The Iowa Supreme Court upheld the injunction against Baker and his business in 1931. In addition, the FRC published a critical report on KTNT, and following a legal fight, the station’s license was eventually revoked in June 1931. One of the justifications given was that the broadcasts were offensive and not in the public interest. In 1937, Baker came back from his exile in Mexico to spend a day in the Muscatine County jail and pay a $50 fine for contempt of court, which he unsuccessfully appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Acquiring knowledge of a purported cancer remedy from Charles Ozias of Kansas City, and maintaining its effectiveness even after all five of his experiment subjects died quickly, Baker summoned the disgraced physician Harry Hoxsey to Muscatine and started marketing his own “cure.” Norman Baker was running the Baker Institute in Muscatine by April 1930 and doing radio advertisements for the facility. The (very costly) treatment for cancer and other ailments upon request involved injecting a mixture of common materials such as watermelon seeds, clover, corn silk, water, and carbolic acid into the patient. In addition, KTNT attacked medical professionals as “educated fools” and “cutters” who couldn’t treat patients. MD, he explained, stood for “More Dough.” The Journal of the American Medical Association at the time
Association (often referred to as JAMA) accused Baker of quack medicine in an editorial. The AMA was criticized by Baker as the “Amateur Meat-cutters Association.” “Baker has even claimed that the AMA offered him one million dollars for his cancer cure with the intent of forcing it from the market so that patients might be forced to resort to surgery,” said Morris Fishbein, the chief antiquackist for the American Medical Association. Baker responded by accusing Fishbein of being Jewish and suing JAMA for defamation and libel.
When Baker stated in 1930 that three individuals had attacked and opened fire on the hospital, the authorities were only able to gather proof that Baker’s associate, Hoxsey, had fired all of the rounds. The state of Iowa requested an injunction against Baker, Hoxsey, and three other people in May 1930 for their professional conduct.
medication without a permit. Baker held massive outdoor gatherings in Muscatine that were like to Woodstock, complete with open-air patient “curing.” Tens of thousands attended these events, and they were also encouraged to purchase different Baker or Tangley items.
The Baker et al. trial in Iowa, which started in September 1930, attracted national notice. Baker was summoned simultaneously to appear before the Federal Radio Commission in Washington, D.C., to defend the license of KTNT. Due to disagreements about how to split hospital income, Baker and Hoxsey became enraged and sued each other multiple times. The institute allegedly made up to $100,000 a month, which was secretly taken out in suitcases throughout the night, although Baker received the majority. Hoxsey was already well-known across the country as a quack, appearing in states as the
law came after him.
Persuaded by the possibilities of the emerging discipline of radio transmission, Baker approached the town of Muscatine in 1924 to request permission to open a station that would bring fame and recognition to the community throughout the Midwest. When the station started airing in November 1925, it was given the call sign KTNT, which stood for “Know The Naked Truth” but was chosen for its explosive overtones. It transmitted at 1170 kc/s, or 256.3 meters, using 500 watts. It employed a calliaphone as a sign-on signal, and Baker made excellent use of his experience as a seasoned carnival barker to promote and announce radio shows. At once Baker became agitated, accusing a purported “cartel” of broadcasters of targeting independent stations. This was prior to the regulation of the broadcast spectrum and the influx of several additional stations.
frequently caused interference. In 1925, Baker served as president of the American Broadcasters Association, a lobbying group against “monopolists” that lasted only until 1927. Baker specifically attacked AT&T, which at the time held a de facto monopoly on radio station transmitters through Western Electric.
An improvement on the then-common steam organ, Norman Baker devised the Tangley Automatic Air Calliope, or calliaphone, which he successfully manufactured and marketed through his Tangley Company. This movable, theatrical device was highly sought after for fairgrounds and circuses. Baker also established a number of neighborhood companies under the Tangley or Baker names. By 1904, Baker was drawn to traveling vaudeville acts that featured “mentalists” and other entertainers. As “Charles Welch,” he organized his own troupe and toured the nation with it. A representation of the
show, nobody cared who she really was—she was still the “mind-reader Pearl Tangley.”
Norman G. Baker (November 27, 1882 – September 10, 1958) was an American radio broadcaster, entrepreneur, and inventor who gained notoriety in the 1930s by marketing a purported cancer cure, but he also served stints in state and federal prisons. He ran the border blaster XENT in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, and the radio station KTNT in Muscatine, Iowa. In addition, Baker invented the Tangley calliaphone, an air-blown musical instrument resembling a calliope.
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